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Journées Inaugurales du Centre de Recherche en Neurosciences de Lyon (CRNL)
c18-Brain Computer Interfaces (BCI) in paralysis and psychological disorders (3918) - Mercredi 26 septembre 2012 14:00 - 14:30

c18-Brain Computer Interfaces (BCI) in paralysis and psychological disorders

We provide an overview of recent advances in clinical applications of the BCI technology and its potential for technological multiplication. BCIs using Electroencephalographic recordings were shown to allow verbal brain communication in amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS), also in the locked-in state. Completely locked-in patients could not communicate even after neurosurgical implantation of electrodes in the brain. Reasons for this situation and solutions are presented. BCI for brain communication is now ready for multiplication. In motor restoration in chronic stroke and spinal cord paralysis only one controlled study of the author’s group is available (Buch et al 2008 in Stroke) demonstrating complete control of hand opening and closing in chronic stroke with a magnetoencephalographic BCI but no generalization outside the laboratory. Preliminary results of a new controlled study on chronic stroke using EEG and implanted electrodes will be presented.
Behavioral psychiatric disorders usually are caused by subcortical brain dysfunctions. A new BCI for subcortical brain areas using functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI-BCI) and near infrared spectroscopy (NIRS) was developed and tested in attention deficit disorders, criminal psychopaths and schizophrenia, in addition to memory disorders and addiction. Results are highly encouraging and would allow technological application at a large scale using NIRS.
Supported by the Deutsche Forschungsgemeinschaft (DFG), BMBF, Bernstein Center of Comp. Neuroscience, European Research Society (ERC), EU-grants, NIH.

Niels BIRBAUMER, Institute of Medical Psychology and Behavioral Neurobiology, University of Tuebingen and Ospedale San Camillo, IRCCS, Istituto di Ricovero e Cura a Carattere Scientifico, Venezia-Lido, Italy

Sciences du Vivant Communication

Toutes les vidéos de l'évenement Journées Inaugurales du Centre de Recherche en Neurosciences de Lyon (CRNL) (20 videos)

00:28:00.03

2012-09-25

10:45 - 11:45 : Ouverture du colloque

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2012-09-25

11:45 - 12:15 : Brain against brain: presentation of a new brain computer interfa...

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2012-09-25

14:30 - 15:00 : C2-Multiple level interactions between neurodegeneration and neur...

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2012-09-25

15:00 - 15:20 : C3-Serotonin receptors and neurodegenerative processes. A Focus o...

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2012-09-25

15:20 - 15:40 : c4-VEGF in neuronal development and synaptic plasticity

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2012-09-25

15:40 - 16:00 : C5-Mutations in U4atac small nuclear RNA: from splicing to brain ...

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2012-09-25

16:30 - 17:00 : c6-Homeostatic regulation of neural activity across the sleep- wa...

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2012-09-25

17:00 - 17:30 : c7-The neural correlates of conscious awareness revealed by the s...

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2012-09-25

17:30 - 17:50 : c8-Cognition markers in altered states of consciousness

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2012-09-25

17:50 - 18:10 : C9-The multiple faces of wakefulness, histaminergic and orexinerg...

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2012-09-25

18:10 - 18:30 : c10-Mechanisms responsible for Paradoxical (REM) sleep genesis: w...

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2012-09-26

09:30 - 10:00 : c12-How temporal expectations change perception

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2012-09-26

10:20 - 10:40 : c14-High-frequency neural activity and human cognition: insights ...

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2012-09-26

10:40 - 11:00 : c15-Neuroimagery of olfactory perception and memory in humans

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2012-09-26

11:00 - 11:20 : c16-Language, music, complex sounds: What to expect?-And when

00:32:32.04

2012-09-26

13:30 - 14:00 : c17-How to induce neuroplastic alterations non-invasively

00:34:15.03

2012-09-26

14:00 - 14:30 : c18-Brain Computer Interfaces (BCI) in paralysis and psychologica...

00:25:48.02

2012-09-26

14:50 - 15:10 : c20-Pain relief with transcranial magnetic stimulation: what are ...

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2012-09-26

15:10 - 15:25 : c21-Brain plasticity sustained by environmental enrichment: hopes...

00:04:40.03

2012-09-26

15:25 - 15:30 : Clôture

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